Power Your Electric Scooter Right

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Electric scooters have become popular with solo riders because they offer a good combination of features for personal transport. They’re affordable, easy to ride, and lightweight, and are also an environmentally friendly way of getting to places which are close enough to walk to but a bit too far to do so comfortably.

Although the cost of gas has come down a lot, electric scooters are still much cheaper to operate. In most cases you don’t need to register a scooter or have a driver’s license to use one in most public spaces. But as the user you must still deal with keeping your unit good to go for when you need it.

You need to do a minimum of maintenance for its drivetrain, like correctly tensioning oiling any chain or sprockets. But more importantly, as it’s a powered scooter you must know how to charge its battery pack optimally for every situation, and this guide to scooter battery basics will empower you here.

Battery Specs and Status

Different models will have different battery management, and thus they different methods of letting you know when the battery charge is getting low. Most designs would light up or flash a warning LED, typically red when low and green when full or ok. As soon as you get the low warning, it’s important for the battery’s conditioning to get it recharged as soon as possible.

  • How much amperage the batteries can hold would depend on their type and voltage output. A typical scooter has a 14 or 20 -Amp pack of cells running at 48 Volts.
  • Some brands feature 60 Volt packs and chargers for faster or more reliable charging.
  • The higher the battery pack’s rated amps for a given voltage the more power available and the longer and further you can travel with that pack.
  • It helps to keep a record of the distances you reach before the warning light goes on, so that you can see if a given destination is within reach and plan accordingly.
  • The majority of scooters can go level distances as far as 40 miles, although most riders typically average about 25-30 miles on routes with a mix of flat and sloping terrain.

Charging Procedure

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Electric scooters all get a charge through a charging unit which you plug into a jack on their frame. The procedure is straightforward in most cases. There some optimizing tasks you need to consider for your routines, so that you can keep the battery cells in good shape for longer. These are covered at the end of this guide.

  • You should first connect the charging unit’s supply into an electrical socket, before inserting its charging plug into the receptacle on the scooter.
  • When finished, reverse the procedure by removing the charging plug first, before disconnecting the charging unit from the outlet.
  • While charging, the battery power LED should light up in a steady or pulsating red color, signifying that the battery is drawing power from the unit.
  • Most models eventually show a steady green LED once the charging process is done and the battery is full.
  • Full charges normally take at least 4 to 6 hours, and it may be a good idea to let the scooter charge overnight before first use. Ensure that succeeding charges are at least 4 hours, even when the charging light indicates the battery pack is already full.
  • The trick to keeping the battery pack conditioned to extend its lifetime, is to always wait until the light turns green and the battery is fully charged.

Try not to operate your electric scooter until its batteries have been fully charged. Tip: It’s best not to always leave the pack charging for more than 12 hours at a time, as such regular overcharging can shorten battery lifetime as well.

Long-Term Maintenance

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Learning how the scooter’s charging system works best will help you understand how to best keep it ready and reliable for your needs. Some guidelines:

  • Shut off power when the scooter is not in use or if it is being charged, in order to maintain the battery pack’s lifespan.
  • Recharge the pack immediately to full condition after each use, even if the scooter was used for only a short while.
  • Whenever you need to store the scooter for long periods, try to keep the battery in good condition by keeping it in a place where temperatures are well above freezing.
  • When storing the scooter for extended periods of time, try charge its battery at least once every month until it is full.
  • If the scooter has spent a long time in storage, inspect and attach any loose electrical connectors. Then charge its batteries overnight, or at least until it is full and the LED green, before riding it again.
  • To keep battery cells conditioned during very long periods of storage, try to operate at least the motor for 10 minutes every two weeks. These regular “maintenance runs” will work to maintain the battery’s runtimes and extend its lifespan.

When replacing a charging unit or the batteries, look for the same model or one with the same electrical specifications and physical connections as the original. Look at online resources and ask around forums for recommended charger brands and models.

Always check that the charging unit’s voltage is matched to the scooter’s power pack, refer to the user guide for the charging specifications. Tip: Generally, batteries and charging units designed to each other’s power management standards will be more efficient and longer-lasting in operation.

About the author

Lisa

Hey there, I'm Lisa, founder and editor in chief here at Recreation Space. We found fitness through recreational activities. And we want to share it with you. We believe in empowering people with knowledge to make smarter, healthier choices in their lives.

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